🟡 Why in News?
✅ ✅ The military in Myanmar now back in charge and has declared a year-long state of emergency.
✅ It seized control following a general election which Ms Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) party won by a landslide.
✅ The armed forces had backed the opposition, who were demanding a rerun of the vote, claiming widespread fraud.
✅ The election commission said there was no evidence to support these claims.
✅ The coup was staged as a new session of parliament was set to open.
✅ Ms Suu Kyi is thought to be under house arrest. Several charges have been filed against her, including breaching import and export laws and possession of unlawful communication devices.
🟡 Who is in charge now?
✅ Power has been handed over to commander-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing.
✅ The military has replaced ministers and deputies, including in finance, health, the interior and foreign affairs.
✅ It says it will hold a “free and fair” election once the state of emergency is over.
🟡 Brief Background
✅ Myanmar was granted independence in 1948 as a democratic nation. Following a coup d’état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship under the Burma Socialist Programme Party.
✅ For Suu Kyi, the wheel has turned full circle from 1990. That year, as the young founder of the National League for Democracy — it was formed in 1988 during the 8888 movement.
✅ She claimed the legacy of her father General Aung, known as the founding father of modern Burma, and swept the elections the junta had agreed to hold as a way of defusing the protests.
✅ In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi’s party won a majority in both houses.
✅ In the 2020 election
Underneath its allegations of “irregularities”, it appears that the Tatmadaw felt threatened by Suu Kyi’s undiminished, even increasing popularity despite five years of incumbency.
◼️The Tatmadaw is the official name of the armed forces of Myanmar.
✅ The generals seemed to have sensed that Suu Kyi would use her fresh mandate to restore civilian supremacy in national affairs.
✅ She appeared to back the Army in its brutal crackdown against the Rohingya, which forced nearly a million to escape to Bangladesh.
✅ Suu Kyi later appeared at the International Court of Justice to defend the Army in a case against Myanmar for war crimes against the Rohingya.
✅ From 2015 until last year, Suu Kyi was focused on her other project — building peace with more than two dozen minority militias that were at war with the Myanmar state.
✅ It was called the “21st century Panglong Conference”.
🟡 Possible Immediate reasons
✅ Imminent changes in the military leadership as one of the reasons why Gen Min Aung Hliang decided to abort the democratic transition, and turn the clock back at least 10 years.
✅ He was due to retire in June when he turned 65, but the coup has ensured that he will remain in charge for the foreseeable future.